India is a land of distinctive culture and colorful festivals. Each festival in India has its own meaning and purpose of celebration. The festival of Dussehra has religious-historical meaning and inherent value. It is celebrated in Danshvi (10th day) of the lunar month. Dussehra festival is one of the most important and longest festivals of India. It is celebrated every year with zeal, faith, love and respect by people of Hinduism all over the country. This is truly a great time to be enjoyed by all. Students also get holidays from their schools and colleges for several days to fully enjoy the festival of Dussehra. This festival falls every year in the month of September or October, two or three weeks before Diwali. People wait for this festival with great patience. Dussehra is a Hindu festival lasting ten days and nine nights. It symbolizes the victory of good over evil power such as Rama's victory over Ravana and Durga's victory over Mahishasura. Dussehra is a major Indian festival celebrated by the Hindu community. It is also the end of Navaratri festival celebrated on the tenth day of Ashwin's Hindu calendar month. This festival commemorates Lord Rama's victory over Ravana; Therefore it symbolizes the victory of good over evil. The festival of Dussehra is also known as Vijayadashami and is celebrated with great joy and enthusiasm by Hindu people all over India. It is one of the greatest significant holy festivals in India. According to past theories and the most renowned Hindu scripture, the Ramayana, it is mentioned that Lord Rama performed a Chandi-puja (holy prayer) to get the blessings of Goddess Durga Mata to destroy the mighty demon, Ravana.
India is a country which is very well-known for its values and ritual, fair and festivals. It is a country of carnivals and festivals where people rejoice and enjoy every festival with great joy and confidence. The festival of Dussehra has been declared as a gazetted holiday by the Government of India so that people can enjoy the festival to its fullest and at the same time give importance to the Hindu festival. Dussehra means the victory of Lord Rama over the ten major demon king Ravana. The actual meaning of the word Dussehra is the defeat of the ten chief (Das head) demon on the tenth day of this festival. According to the great Indian epic, the Ramayana, Ravana was a great scholar but a demon. He was the king of Lanka. He was killed by Rama on this day. Bengalis believe that Durga came to earth on this day. Durga means the victory of good over evil. We celebrate Dussehra so that our evils perish and good prevails. It refers to the ten evils which a man must win as deus meaning ten and ra hara as defeat.
Dussehra is celebrated with joy and gaiety in all parts of India. Effigies of demon kings, Ravana, Kumbhakarna and Meghnath are burnt. Plays of Ramayana are staged and fairs are organized all over the country. People share feasts and sweets. Children wear new clothes and receive toys and sweets.
On this day in some communities, sisters apply tilak on their brother's forehead. They pray for their welfare. Businessmen worship their books of account on this day. Dussehra not only brings happiness, but motivates us to overcome our evil instincts by good evil deeds and pious thoughts.